The Archaeological Museum is a Maltese museum of prehistoric artifacts, located in Valletta.
In 1958, the National Museum was opened in the building of the Provencal Inn. Initially, the museum exhibited archaeological exhibits on the ground floor of the building, and fine arts on the first floor. In 1974, the collection of fine arts was moved to the new National Museum of Fine Arts, and the National Museum changed its name to the National Museum of Archeology. In 1998, the museum was renovated and modernized.
The Provence Inn, in which the museum is located, is a baroque building built in 1571 for the Order of Hospitallers of St. John. The Grand Salon on the first floor is the most decorative room in the building. Knights used it during trade talks, sitting at long tables in order of seniority.
On the ground floor of the museum, exhibits from the pre-history of the Maltese Islands are exhibited. The Early Neolithic Room presents artifacts from the early Neolithic period, including decorated ceramics from the periods of Għar Dalam, Gray Skorba, Red Skorba and Żebbuġ.
Particularly noteworthy are the Red Skorba figurines, the earliest local depictions of human figures and the predecessor of figures from later periods of temples.
The exhibition includes reconstructions of tombs carved in the rock, characteristic of the early Neolithic period in Malta.
The exhibition rooms of the Temples Period (3800-2500 BC) show corpulent figures from Ħaġar Qim and examples of architecture and other items from the periods of Maltese prehistory. Temples, which were built at that time, are considered the first free-standing buildings in the world and are placed on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The discovery of temple altars and figures of obese people suggests that in Malta and Gozo there existed some types of worship in prehistory. Perhaps he was associated with the cult of fertility.
The exhibition also contains altars, discovered in the Tarxien temple, which were probably used for animal sacrifices.
National Museum of Archaeology opening hours
March – December:
Monday – Sunday: 09.00 – 18.00
Last admission: 17.30.
January – February:
Monday – Sunday: 09.00 – 17.00
Last admission: 16.30.
Infants (1 -5 years): Free
Children (6 -11 years): €2.50
Youths (12 – 17 years): €3.50
Senior Citizens (60 years & over): €3.50
National Museum of Archaeology
Auberge de Provence,
Valletta VLT 1112
Tel: +356 21 221 623
Tags: National Museum of Archaeology Valletta, National Museum of Archaeology Malta